• Autor: Bruce A. Joyce
  • Editor: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
  • Last data published: 09 June 2005
  • ISBN: 1402033133
  • Format: PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
  • Number of page: 396 pages
  • File Size: 16MB
  • Rating:


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Description Quantum Dots - Fundamentals, Applications, and Frontiers de Bruce A. Joyce:

The morphology that results during the growth of a material on the substrate of a different material is central to the fabrication of all quantum heterostructures. This morphology is determined by several factors, including the manner in which strain is accommodated if the materials have different lattice constants. One of the most topical manifestations of lattice mis?t is the formation of coherent thr- dimensional(3D)islandsduringtheStranski-Krastanovgrowthofahighly-strained system. The prototypical cases are InAs on GaAs(001) and Ge on Si(001), though other materials combinations also exhibit this phenomenon. When the 3D islands are embedded within epitaxiallayers of a material that has a wider band gap,the carriers within the islands are con?ned by the potential barriers that surround each island, forming an array of quantum dots (QDs). Such structures have been produced for both basic physics studies and device fab- cation, including QD lasers and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) operating at the c- mercially important wavelengths of 1.3 m and 1.55 m. On a more speculative level, QD ensembles have been suggested as a possible pathway for the solid-state implementation of a quantum computer. Although some of the principles of qu- tum computing have been veri?ed by other means, the practical utilization of this new computingparadigmmay warrant some sort of solid state architecture. QDs are seen as possible components of such a computer, as evidenced by a number of papersappearingintheliteratureproposingQD-basedarchitecturesandworkshops that are being organized to explore these possibilities. Information regarding the article author can not be found or perhaps continues to be removed with the inquire of your article writer. You could may be considering additional textbooks with the Bruce A. Joyce. We had been capable of collect most of the almost all iformatsii for you personally. Regarding experts: web page would not extend to public accessibility your current publications on the websites just introductory more knowledge about it. If you feel that this site is definitely infringing, please write to people regarding it needless to say truly the article writer these books, we will promptly take out webpages in our web page.

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Comments

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